A definition of web space hosting
As its name suggests, web hosting is a service, which involves hosting online content. There are different varieties and kinds of hosting, depending on the purpose and on the usage. Yet, they all pertain to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the World Wide Web. A host is in fact a hosting server that is connected to the Internet and has its very own Internet Protocol address, which allows people to gain access to it through the Internet. The server's architecture and its limitations are dependent on the type of web hosting solution it's going to be utilized for.
What are the various forms of hosting?
Depending on the usage, the professional web hosting solution may be:
File Hosting - this type of hosting enables the users to accommodate their files on a particular web server. With the conventional file storage web hosting solution, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the individual that's availing of the service. This web hosting solution generally includes backups of PCs , documents, personal files and even other web hosting servers. This solution may also involve certain restrictions when it comes to the web space and the root access. There may also be traffic limitations, but that depends on the given web hosting provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is very similar to the previous hosting service form. In spite of that, unlike the file web hosting solution, the warez web hosting solution is utilized for circulating proprietary materials without being given the go-ahead by the licence bearer. To cut a long story short - it is connected with the illicit circulation of files and docs. There are multiple approaches for this to be done, but the 2 main ways are - via plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through P2P connections. The first method involves either a specific web portal, or, most commonly, just a directory on a web server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download copyrighted content free of cost. The second approach involves a peer-to-peer connection, availing of the so-called Torrent web servers, through which people transmit files between each other. There are very few web space hosting corporations that allow such type of hosting on their hosting servers, mostly due to all the legal problems that it entails. Commonly such websites are hosted on personal dedicated web servers that are registered by third-party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Hosting - this solution is utilized with both shared webspace hosting and dedicated hosting servers, based on the customer's intention. If you want to create your very own personal SMTP server, then you will require either a VPS hosting server or a dedicated server that provides the access level required to accomplish such an operation. For regular electronic mail hosting ends, however, you can create an ordinary shared web hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a solution that's widely used, because the site hosting and the electronic mail hosting services are being served by 2 different servers, often owned by separate hosting providers.
Web Page Hosting - the most famous and broadly used hosting service as of now. It's used for hosting web site files, whose type is dependent on the OS the server is making use of - Linux or Windows. Different types of files request specific web hosting server OSs, or else they won't be exhibited correctly on the Web. This kind of hosting may contain web space and web traffic quota limits, root access and central processing unit usage limits.
Depending on the mission and on the functions, the user should choose the kind of web server that he requires for his project, and, of course, the site hosting firm that's going to supply it. There are several types of hosting servers, based on the configuration and the webspace hosting services that they provide. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared webspace hosting server supplies a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small and middle size web sites, which do not demand immense amounts of disk space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they operate on the same principle as the shared web page hosting servers. Nonetheless, there are much fewer customers accommodated on the same hosting server. Because of that, each of them will enjoy a greater share of the hosting server's resources like RAM, data storage space, traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting popular web pages that do not need server root access.
VPS - the VPS web servers are excellent for medium websites, which do need root-level access to the server's configuration files. Typically, there are a number of private virtual hosting server accounts sharing the same physical server. However, each of them is independent from the other ones and runs its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server - a fully dedicated machine configured and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a tremendous amount of system resources. It also provides complete root-level access, which makes it the optimal environment for any kind of web portal that necessitates a webspace hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which web space hosting vendor should I select?
As mentioned, there aren't many hosting providers providing warez hosting services due to judicial problems. Such web hosting providers are being closed down practically every month. For that reason, if you wish to run such a service, you should do it on your own computer. The shared hosting solution is the most popular kind of web hosting service. That is why, each and every hosting distributor provides it. Not all of them, though, provide services such as virtual web servers, semi-dedicated hosting servers and dedicated web servers. Most of the small scale web hosting companies do not have the means required for offering those solutions. Therefore it's always best to pick a bigger company that can provide its customers with all the services that they are searching for. You can easily ID such hosts by the types of solutions that they are making available and by the way that they present them to the clientele. For example, certain providers allow you to kick off with a smaller web space hosting package and then shift to a more powerful one, if you find it necessary to do so. This is quite convenient, because you do not have to transmit web pages between hosting servers and there is no risk of suffering service interruptions because of all the problems that may crop up. Web hosting providers such as Free Hostia are offering all types of services and have the needed hosting server resources and staff to guarantee that their clients will not chance upon any troubles when changing services, which is what a top hosting corporation is in fact all about.